Nebraska Farm Production Expenditures down 4 percent
Farm and Ranch Production Expenditures in Nebraska totaled $21.7 billion in 2016, down 4 percent from a year earlier, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Livestock expenses, the largest expenditure category, at $6.17 billion, decreased 9 percent from 2015. Rent, the next largest total expense category at $2.56 billion, decreased 1 percent from 2015. Feed, the third largest expense category, at $2.47 billion, decreased 7 percent from 2015.
Livestock expenses accounted for 28 percent of Nebraska's total production expenditures. Rent accounted for 12, feed 11, and farm services 9 percent.
The total expenditures per farm or ranch in Nebraska averaged $448,760 in 2016, down 4 percent from 2015. The livestock expense category was the leading expenditure, at $127,479 per operation, over 6.5 times the national average. Rent expenditures, at $52,893 per operation, were over 3.5 times the national average. The average feed expenditure, at $51,033, was nearly 2 times the national average.
Farm services expenditures per operation, at $40,909, were 2 times the national average.
These results are based on data from Nebraska farmers and ranchers who participated in the Agricultural Resource Management Study conducted by USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Producers were contacted in January through April to collect 2016 farm and ranch expenses.
Farm Production Expenditures in the United States are estimated at $346.9 billion for 2016, down from $362.8 billion in 2015. The 2016 total farm production expenditures are down 4.4 percent compared with 2015 total farm production expenditures. For the 17 line items, 5 showed an increase from previous year, while the rest showed a decrease.
The four largest expenditures at the United States level total $171.4 billion and account for 49.3 percent of total expenditures in 2016. These include feed, 16.0 percent, farm services, 12.0 percent, livestock, poultry and related expenses, 11.5 percent, and labor, 9.8 percent.
In 2016, the United States total farm expenditure average per farm is $169,035, down 4.1 percent from $176,181 in 2015. On average, United States farm operations spent $27,092 on feed, $19,491 on livestock, poultry and related expenses, $20,319 on farm services, and $16,616 on labor. For 2015, United States farms spent an average of $28,408 on feed, $20,202 on farm services, $22,047 on livestock, poultry and related expenses, and $15,443 on labor.
Total fuel expense is $11.3 billion. Diesel, the largest sub component, is $7.4 billion, accounting for 65.5 percent. Diesel expenditures are down 7.5 percent from the previous year. Gasoline is $2.1 billion, down 8.7 percent. LP gas is $1.2 billion, down 14.1 percent. Other fuel is $640 million, down 1.5 percent.
The United States economic sales class contributing most to the 2016 United States total expenditures is the $1,000,000 - $4,999,999 class, with expenses of $113.0 billion, 32.6 percent of the United States total, down 5.2 percent from the 2015 level of $119.2 billion. The next highest is the $5,000,000 and Over class with $80.6 billion, down from $81.3 billion in 2015.
In 2016, crop farms expenditures decreased to $177.0 billion, down 1.8 percent, while livestock farms expenditures decreased to $169.9 billion, down 6.9 percent. The largest expenditures for crop farms are rent at $24.8 billion (14.0 percent of total), labor at $24.6 billon (13.9 percent), and farm services at $22.9 billion (12.9 percent). Combined crop inputs (chemicals, fertilizers, and seeds) are $52.8 billion, accounting for 29.8 percent of crop farms total expenses. The largest expenditures for livestock farms are feed at $54.1 billion (31.8 percent of total), livestock, poultry and related expenses at $38.1 billion (22.4 percent), and farm services at $18.8 billion (11.1 percent). Together, these line items account for 65.3 percent of livestock farms total expenses. The average total expenditure for a crop farm is $187,948 compared to $152,995 per livestock farm.
The Midwest region contributed the most to United States total expenditures with expenses of $108.9 billion (31.4 percent), down from $113.1 billion in 2015. Other regions, ranked by total expenditures, are the Plains at $89.0 billion (25.7 percent), West at $71.4 billion (20.6 percent), Atlantic at $42.1 billion (12.1 percent), and South at $35.5 billion (10.2 percent). The Plains decreased $4.52 billion from 2015, which is the largest regional decrease.
Combined total expenditures for the 15 estimate states is $228.0 billion in 2016 (65.7 percent of the United States total expenditures) and $238.0 billion in 2015 (65.6 percent). California contributed most to the 2016 United States total expenditures, with expenses of $34.2 billion, (9.9 percent). California expenditures are down 3.8 percent from the 2015 estimate of $35.5 billion. Iowa, the next leading state, has $26.3 billion in expenses, (7.6 percent). Other states with more than $20 billion in total expenditures are Texas with $23.9 billion and Nebraska with $21.7 billion.
Story source: USDA-NASS