USDA Lowers Corn Production, Increases Soybean Yield

Corn production is forecast at 14.2 billion bushels, down 7 percent from last year. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 169.5 bushels per acre, down 5.1 bushels from 2016. If realized, this will be the third highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.5 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast but down 4 percent from 2016.

Soybean production is forecast at 4.38 billion bushels, up 2 percent from last year. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 49.4 bushels per acre, down 2.7 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at a record high 88.7 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast but up 7 percent from 2016. Planted area for the Nation is estimated at a record high 89.5 million acres, also unchanged from June.

All cotton production is forecast at 20.5 million 480-pound bales, up 20 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 892 pounds per harvested acre, up 25 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 19.8 million 480-pound bales, up 19 percent from 2016. Pima cotton production is forecast at 770,000 bales, up 35 percent from last year.

All wheat production, at 1.74 billion bushels, is down 1 percent from the July forecast and down 25 percent from 2016. Based on August 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 45.6 bushels per acre, down 0.6 bushel from last month and down 7 bushels from last year.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.29 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the July 1 forecast but down 23 percent from 2016. Based on August 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 50.0 bushels per acre, up 0.3 bushel from last month but down 5.3 bushels from last year. The area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 25.8 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 15 percent from last year. Hard Red Winter production, at 758 million bushels, is up less than 1 percent from last month. Soft Red Winter, at 306 million bushels, is up less than 1 percent from the July forecast.

White Winter, at 223 million bushels, is up 3 percent from last month. Of the White Winter production, 18.8 million bushels are Hard White and 204 million bushels are Soft White.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 50.5 million bushels, down 12 percent from the July 1 forecast and down 51 percent from 2016. The United States yield is forecast at 27.2 bushels per acre, down 3.7 bushels from last month and down 16.8 bushels from last year. Expected area to be harvested for grain or seed totals 1.86 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 21 percent from last year.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 402 million bushels, down 5 percent from the July 1 forecast and down 25 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain or seed is expected to total 10.5 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 7 percent from last year. The United States yield is forecast at 38.3 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from last month and down 8.9 bushels from last year.

Of the total production, 364 million bushels are Hard Red Spring wheat, down 5 percent from the previous forecast and down 26 percent from last year.

Crop Production Report

National Crop Production Executive Briefing


Nebraska Crop Production Report

Based on August 1 conditions, Nebraska's 2017 corn production is forecast at a record high of 1.74 billion bushels, up 2 percent from last year's production, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 9.50 million acres, down 1 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 183 bushels per acre, up 5 bushels from last year.

Soybean production in Nebraska is forecast at a record high of 328 million bushels, up 4 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 5.65 million acres, is up 10 percent from 2016. Yield is forecast at 58 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from last year.

Nebraska's 2017 Winter wheat crop is forecast at 46 million bushels, down 35 percent from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 1.00 million acres, is down 24 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, down 8 bushels per acre from 2016.

Sorghum production, of 10.1 million bushels, is down 43 percent from a year ago. Area for grain harvest, at 110,000 acres, is down 37 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 92 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from last year.

Oat production is forecast at 1.50 million bushels, unchanged from last year. Harvested area for grain, at 25,000 acres, is unchanged from last year. Yield is forecast at 60 bushels per acre, unchanged from 2016.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 4.37 million cwt, up 58 percent from last year. The average yield is forecast at a record high of 2,570 pounds per acre, up 300 pounds from last year. Acres planted by class are as follows: Pinto, 98,000; Great Northern, 56,000; Black, 8,600; Light Red Kidney, 11,000; Chickpeas, 5,200; All Other, 6,200.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 1.57 million tons, up 11 percent from 2016. Area for harvest, at 48,400 acres, is up 1,200 acres from last year. Yield is estimated at a record high of 32.4 tons per acre, up 2.5 tons from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 2.93 million tons, down 6 percent from last year. Expected yield, at 3.80 tons per acre, is down 0.35 ton from last year. All other hay production is forecast at 2.21 million tons, down 16 percent from last year. Forecasted yield, at 1.30 tons per acre, is down 0.25 ton from last year.


Kansas Crop Production Report
Based on August 1 conditions, Kansas's 2017 corn production is forecast at 665 million bushels, 5 percent below last year's production, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area to be harvested for grain, at 5.00 million acres, is up 2 percent from a year ago. Yield is forecast at 133 bushels per acre, down 9 bushels from last year.

Sorghum for grain production in Kansas is forecast at 194 million bushels, down 28 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 2.45 million acres, is down 17 percent from 2016. Yield is forecast at 79 bushels per acre, down 12 bushels from last year.

Kansas's soybean production is forecast at a record high of 193 million bushels, up slightly from last year. Area for harvest, at 4.70 million acres, is 17 percent above 2016. Yield is forecast at 41 bushels per acre, down 7 bushels from last year.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 324 million bushels, down 31 percent from last year's crop. Area for grain, at 6.90 million acres, is down 16 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 47 bushels per acre, 10 bushels below last year.

Cotton production is forecast at 110,000 bales, up 55 percent from last year. Acreage for harvest, at 55,000 acres, is up 24,000 acres from 2016. Yield is forecasted at 960 pounds per acre, down 139 pounds from last year.

Oat production is forecast to be 1.16 million bushels, down 32 percent from last year. Harvested area for grain of 20,000 acres is down 10,000 acres from a year earlier. Yield per acre, at 58 bushels, is up 1 bushel from a year ago.

Potato production of 1.33 million cwt is up 6 percent from last year. Yield of 350 cwt per acre is 50 cwt above 2016.

Alfalfa hay production of 2.60 million tons is forecast to be 14 percent below last year. Expected yield, at 4.00 tons per acre, is down 0.30 ton from last year. All other hay production of 3.15 million tons is forecast to be down 3 percent from a year ago. Expected yield, at 1.70 tons per acre, is unchanged from last year.

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Story source: USDA-NASS

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